Sweden’s prime minister denounced an increasingly popular far-right party as racist and a threat to the nation’s European values on Saturday as political candidates made their final pre-election pitches to voters.
The Sunday parliamentary election will be Sweden’s first since the government in 2015 allowed 163,000 migrants into the country of 10 million.
An immigration backlash is expected to shape the vote even though the number of migrants arriving in Sweden has been restricted sharply since the height of Europe’s mass influx. Polls showed established parties losing some support, including the centre-left parties which earlier favoured open-door policies.
The Sweden Democrats, a party rooted in a neo-Nazi movement that has worked to soften its image, has played a role in breaking down long-standing taboos on what Swedes could say openly about immigration and integration without being shunned as racists.
During a heated leaders’ debate on Friday, Jimmie Akesson, leader of the Sweden Democrats, caused a stir by blaming migrants for the difficulties they often have in finding employment. He said he heard it argued too many times that “if only migrants get a job, then everything will be all right”.
“That’s not going to happen, that’s not how it is,” Mr Akesson said. “We have to ask ourselves a question: why is it so difficult for these people to get a job? That is because they’re not Swedish. They can’t adjust to Sweden and it’s hard for them to get a job.”
The broadcaster that aired the televised debate, SVT, afterward called his remarks degrading and against the democratic mandate of public broadcasting. Mr Akesson responded that state television should not take sides.
According to many recent opinion polls, support for the Sweden Democrats among registered voters has swollen to about 20% – up from the 13% it won in 2014.
A 20% share of Sunday’s vote would not be enough for the party to lead a government but a strong show of support would give more power to pressure the next administration.
Some Swedes fear the party’s more moderate image is superficial and have expressed anxieties about its anti-European Union views and support for lowering the legal limit for abortions from the current 18 weeks to 12.
Prime Minister Stefan Lofven stumped Saturday for his party, the Social Democrats, while portraying the Sweden Democrats as racist. Mr Lofven accused some of his opponents of being prepared to work with the far-right party, which he vowed his party would not do.
“We are not going to retreat one millimetre in the face of hatred and extremism wherever it shows itself,” Mr Lofven said. “Again and again and again, they show their Nazi and racist roots, and they are trying to destroy the EU at a time when we need that co-operation the most.”
Ulf Kristersson, leader of the Moderate Party, stressed the importance of integrating newcomers.
“We can’t have a situation when you come to Sweden and not integrate in society,” he told voters. “Integration is one of the biggest questions for the future in Sweden.”
Carl Bildt, a former prime minister from the Moderate Party, said he thinks the extreme-right’s worrisome rise can be contained, but takes it as “a warning signal that we need to take these particular sentiments more seriously”.