New Zealand’s prime minister Jacinda Ardern has announced that the government will formally apologise for an infamous part of the country’s history, known as the Dawn Raids.
This event saw Pacific Island people targeted for deportation in the mid-1970s during aggressive home raids by authorities to find, convict and deport overstayers.
The raids often took place very early in the morning or late at night.
During a press conference to announce the apology, New Zealand’s minister for the Pacific peoples, Aupito William Sio, recalled the terrifying day during his childhood when police officers holding German shepherd dogs turned up at his family home before dawn and shone torches into their faces, while his father stood there helpless.
Mr Sio became emotional as he and Ms Ardern discussed the apology at the conference.
“We felt as a community that we were invited to come to New Zealand. We responded to the call to fill the labour workforce that was needed, in the same way we responded to the call for soldiers in 1914,” Mr Sio said.
But he said the government then turned on the Pasifika community when it felt those workers were no longer needed.
Ms Ardern said that at the time, people who did not look like white New Zealanders were told they should carry identification to prove they were not overstayers, and were often randomly stopped in the street, or even at schools or churches.
She said Pacific people were often dragged before the courts in their pyjamas and without proper representation.
“Not only were they targeted, they were targeted using a process and a practice that was really dehumanising, that really terrorized people in their homes,” Ms Ardern said.
She said that when computerised immigration records were introduced in 1977, they showed that 40% of overstayers were either British or American – groups that were never targeted for deportation.
“The raids, and what they represented, created deep wounds,” Ms Ardern said.
“And while we cannot change our history, we can acknowledge it, and we can seek to right a wrong.”
In Mr Sio’s case, he said his family were legal residents who owned the home but a couple of his father’s nephews from Samoa were staying with them and were taken away by the police without their clothes or belongings, and later deported.
He said the nephews had been working at a factory and their visas had expired. He said they had been preparing to go home and wanted to do a few more overtime shifts before they left.
Mr Sio said his father helped advocate for them to get back their clothes and money so they could leave New Zealand with some measure of their dignity intact.
The formal apology will be held at a commemoration event on June 26 in Auckland.
The apology does not come with any financial compensation or legal changes, but Mr Sio believes it is an important first step.
He said the trauma is still fresh for many and it is good to address the issue and prevent such a situation happening in the future.
Ms Ardern said it is just the third time the government has made such an apology.
The previous apologies were for imposing a entry tax on Chinese immigrants in the 1880s and for introducing the deadly influenza pandemic to Samoa in 1918, which killed more than one-fifth of the population.