There were nearly 63,000 domestic abuse incidents recorded by police in 2019-20 as cases rose for a fourth year.
A total of 62,907 incidents were recorded, an increase of 4% from the previous year.
However, an awareness campaign around new domestic abuse legislation may have increased reporting, a Scottish Government study released on Tuesday says.
The Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act 2018 came into force on April 1 2019, criminalising coercive and controlling behaviour against partners.
The most frequent type of incident recorded was common assault, followed by breach of the peace.
A total of 82% of the domestic abuse incidents recorded had a male perpetrator and a female victim, 15% had a female perpetrator and male victim, while in 3% of cases both were of the same gender.
Those in the 26 to 30 age group had the highest rate of victims in the population.
In cases where identities could be verified, in 59% of incidents both the victim or accused had previously been recorded in an incident of domestic abuse.
Incidents of abuse were more likely to occur on Saturdays and Sundays than weekdays, while the most frequent location was at the victim’s home.
The report noted that the majority of domestic abuse incidents go unreported to the police, with data suggesting 16% of those who experienced abuse from a partner said the police came to know about the most recent incident.
There were 206 convictions for crimes under the new legislation.
The report said: “There were 206 convictions in 2019-20 for crimes under the Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act 2018.
“This was out of 246 people proceeded against, giving a conviction rate of 84%.
“The majority of people (61%) convicted under this Act in 2019-20 received a community sentence and 19% received a custodial sentence with an average sentence length of about a year (363 days).
“Although this crime came into effect at the start of 2019-20, the full course of conduct has to have taken place on or after 1 April 2019.”
Responding to the report, the Justice Secretary, Keith Brown, said: “These statistics are a stark reminder of the unacceptable levels of domestic abuse that occur in Scotland.
“A person’s home should be a place of safety and we know that is not always the case and that women are disproportionately victims of domestic abuse.
“The new offence of domestic abuse has been heralded as gold-standard legislation in strengthening the law against those who undertake a course of abusive behaviour, including both physical and psychological abuse, and we have been clear that we want to see all incidents of domestic abuse reported.”
The Scottish Conservatives’ justice spokesman, Jamie Greene, said tougher punishments for domestic abusers were needed.
He said: “These figures show that the SNP have completely failed to tackle rising domestic abuse cases despite warnings from all quarters.
“It is clear that the SNP’s soft-touch justice approach is not working with domestic abuse incidents having reached yet another record, shameful high.
“Those guilty of domestic abuse are simply not being properly punished.”
Scottish Labour’s Justice spokesperson, Pauline McNeill, said: “These shameful figures must shock us into action.
“This report shows domestic abuse was a growing problem even before the pandemic began.
“The knowledge that things may well have gotten worse under the Covid-19 restrictions since makes these figures all the more alarming.”